Mark A. Youngren, D.Sc.
Areas of Professional Interest:
Probability, Statistics, Decision and Risk Analysis, Stochastic Modeling, Simulation, Reliability, C4ISR Systems Modeling and Analysis
D.Sc., Operations Research,
M.S., Operations Research,
B.S., Chemical Engineering,
Richard H. Barchi Prize, Military Operations Research Society
Department of the Army Outstanding Individual Analysis Award (now the Wilbur Payne Memorial Award), Department of the Army
Commander's Award for
Honorable Mention, David Rist Prize, Military Operations Research Society
Finalist, Koopman Prize,
Operations Research Society of
Institutional and professional service in the last five years:
Director, Military Operations Research Society Symposium, 1992 - 2001
Associate Editor, Military Operations Research, 1996 2000
Editor-in-Chief, Military Operations Research Analysts Handbook, 1990 - 2001
Chair, Operations Research and Intelligence Analysis Group, Military Operations Research
Society Symposium, 2002 2005
Chair, Assessment Tools Group, Military Operations Research Society Workshop on Operations
Analysis Support to Network Centric Operations, Jan 2004
Chair, C4ISR in Major Theater Warfare, Military Operations Research Society Workshop on
Advancing C4ISR Assessment, 2000
Courses taught (graduate level classes) and Thesis Supervision:
Decision and Risk Analysis
Principles of C3I Systems
Reliability and Risk Analysis
Operations Research Methods
Combat Modeling and Simulation
Test and Evaluation
Decision and Game Theory
Research director or reader for Masters theses in the following areas:
- Force Entry Planning Module for Amphibious Air Assaults
- Inner Battle Group Logistics
- Design and Employment of Hyperspectral Imagers in Support of Theater Missile Defense
- Modeling a Chemical Battlefield and the Resulting Effects
- Mobility Operations
- Special Force Operations for Strategic Objectives
- Theater Air Apportionment and Allocation
- Ground Unit Logistical Requirements
- Obstacles and Engineer Forces
- Corps Artillery
Current Employment (part-time):
Chronological Summary of Positions Held (outside of schooling):
1998 current Principal Operations Research Analyst, MITRE Corporation
1994 - 1998 Asst. Professor of Operations Research,
1991 - 1994 Operations Research Analyst, Conventional Forces Analysis Division, J-8,
The Joint Staff
1987 - 1990 Operations Research
1983 - 1986 Chief, Operations Research, Defense Mobilization Systems Planning Activity, Office of the Secretary of Defense
1977 - 1980 Instructor,
1976 - 1977 Chemical Officer, S2; Division Support Command, 2nd Infantry Division
Youngren, M.A. (2007; pending). H-NET Book Review, published
by H-CivWar@h-net.msu.edu): Mark R.
Wilson. The Business of Civil War:
Military Mobilization and the State, 1861-1865.
Youngren, M.A. (2006). H-NET Book Review, published by
H-CivWar@h-net.msu.edu): Earl J.
Hess. Field Armies and Fortifications in
the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864.
Youngren, M.A. (2003). Software Agents to Reason About Situational Awareness. Proceedings of the 5th Annual Office of Naval Research Decision Support Workshop Developing the New Infrastructure. Invited speaker; workshop held Sept 2003.
Youngren, M.A. (2002). Getting at Enemy Intent:
Connecting Perception to Command in Combat Modeling. Proceedings of the 7th International Command and Control
Research and Technology Symposium,
Youngren, S.H., Youngren, M.A., and Barraj, L. (2001). Challenges of Probabilistic Assessment of Operator and Residential Non-Dietary Exposure. Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 45, No. 1001, pp. S49 S54
Youngren, M.A. Correlation, Association and Fusion in
Aggregate Combat Simulations. (2000). Proceedings
of the 5th International Command and Control Research and Technology
Gaver, D.P., Jacobs, P.A., Youngren, M.A., and Parry,
S.H (2000). J-STOCHWARS and Beyond:
Models for Force Motion and Interaction that Represent Uncertain Perception.
Technical Report NPS-OR-00-007, Naval
Gaver, D.P., Jacobs, P.A., and Youngren, M.A. (1997).
Analytic Representation of Data Fusion in Theater-Level Models. Proceedings
of the 3rd International Symposium on Command and Control Research
Youngren, M.A., Gaver, D.P., and Jacobs, P.A. (1997) Sensor Search / Precision Strike Model.
Visual Basic simulation designed and programmed for use at N-6.
Youngren, M.A. (1997) Joint Modeling and Analysis in Military Modeling for Decisions,
Wayne Hughes, ed. Military Operations Research Society.
Youngren, M.A. and Lovell,
N. (1996). Joint Warfare Analysis
Experimental Prototype (JWAEP) Users Manual (Version 2.0),
Youngren, M.A. and S. Parry, eds. (1995). Military Operations Research Analyst's Handbook, Volume II, Area 1: Conventional Weapons Effects (Ground). Military Operations Research Society.
Gaver, D.P., P.A. Jacobs,
and M.A. Youngren (1995). Asymptotic
Properties of a Sensor Allocation Model. Report NPS-OR-95-002, Naval
Youngren, M.A. and W. Olson, eds. (1994). Military Operations Research Analyst's Handbook, Volume I: Terrain, Unit Movement, and Environment. Military Operations Research Society.
Gong, W., W. Zei, M.A. Youngren, and R. Nelsen (1993) A Stochastic Comparison Algorithm
Applications to a Deployment Problem. Proceedings
of the 1993 Symposium on Command and Control Research.
environments. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 20, pp. 251-261.
Youngren, M.A. (1991). Modeling relocatable nuclear targets. Interfaces, 21:4, pp. 132-140.
Youngren, M.A. (1991). Dependence in target element detections induced by the Environment. Naval Research Logistics, 38, pp. 567-577.
common environments. IMS Monograph: Proceedings of the Symposium on Dependence in Statistics and Probability, Lecture Note Series, Institute of Mathematical Statistics.
Youngren, M.A. (1990). Object Oriented Force Arraying through Probability, Report of the 2nd US/French Meeting on Simulation Tools, Defense Exchange Agreement A-75-F-1200.
Youngren, M.A. (1990). Handling uncertainty in input to expected value models. Proceedings of the 35th Conference on the Design of Experiments, ARO Report 90‑2, Army Research Office.
Youngren, M.A. (1989). Updating nuclear effects in theater models. Proceedings of the 57th Military Operations Research Symposium, Military Operations Research Society.
Youngren, M.A. (1989). Simulating alternating states. Proceedings of the 57th Military Operations Research Symposium1, Military Operations Research Society.
Youngren, M.A. (1989). Nuclear Effects Model Embedded Stochastically in Simulation (NEMESIS) ‑ Summary Report. CAA‑TP‑89‑8, Sept 1989. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency.
Youngren, M.A. (1989). Probability Models for Theater Nuclear Warfare. CAA‑RP‑89‑3, June 1989. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency2.
Youngren, M.A. (1989). Handling Uncertainty in Expected Value Models. CAA‑RP‑89‑5, June 1989. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency2.
Youngren, M.A. (1989). Modeling the Acquisition and Engagement of Relocatable Nuclear Targets. CAA‑RP‑89‑6, June 1989. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency2.
Youngren, M.A. (1989). Analytic Representation of the Target Acquisition Process in NUFAM III. CAA‑TP‑89‑2, March 1989. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency2.
Process Environments. GWU/IRRA/Serial TR‑89/2,
Youngren, M.A. (1988).Updating Nuclear Effects in Theater Models. CAA‑RP‑88-1, November 1988. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency2.
Youngren, M.A. (1988). Dependent Lifelengths Induced by Dynamic
Environments. D.Sc. dissertation,
Youngren, M.A. (1983). A Model for Persistent Chemical Attacks
Against Ground Force Units. Master's thesis,
Youngren, M.A. (1979). The G2/S2 Responsibilities for Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Defense, Military Intelligence, Oct‑Dec 1979.
Recent Invited Presentations (partial listing; without proceedings):
Net-Centric Campaign Analysis: A Case Study Using JWARS (2005). 73rd Military Operations Research Society Symposium.
Reasoning About Situational Awareness in Combat Models (2004). 72nd Military Operations Research Society Symposium.
Reasoning about the Perception Using Software Agents (2003). 71st Military Operations Research Society Symposium.
Modeling Data Fusion (2003). Seminar at the RAND Corporation.
Getting at Enemy Intent: Connecting Perception to Command in Combat Modeling (2002). 70th Military Operations Research Society Symposium.
The Use of Operational Perception in JWARS (2001). 69th Military Operations Research Society Symposium.
Fusion (1997). Graduate Seminar at the
J-STOCHWAR (1996). Invited presentation to the UK Ministry of Defense and to their modeling organization (DERA).
Assessing the Impact of C3I on Joint Theater‑Level Warfighting (1996). Army Operations Research Symposium.
(1996). Presentation to the international technology trade and cooperation
program RSG-19 annual meeting, involving representatives from the
Assessing the Impact of C3I on Joint Theater‑Level Warfighting (1997) (with D. Gaver, P. Jacobs). 64th Military Operations Research Symposium.
Modeling Joint Theater-Level C3I (1996) (with D. Gaver, P. Jacobs). 63rd Military Operations Research Symposium.
Modeling Joint Operational Intelligence (1996) (with D. Gaver, P. Jacobs). 63rd Military Operations Research Symposium.
Capturing Uncertainty in Theater-Level Combat Modeling (1995). Invited paper and presentation to the NATO AC/243 (Panel 7) Symposium on "Coping with Uncertainty in Defence Decision Making."
Future Theater‑Level Model (FTLM) Overview (1995) (with D. Gaver, P. Jacobs). INFORMS Spring Meeting.