Good general introductions to Cummings' life and work: Kidder's book has been helpful in preparing the Notes on the Writings of EEC.

Collections of critical essays on Cummings:

Biographies: Readers’ enjoyment and comprehension of the poetry will be greatly increased by a good working knowledge of Cummings' life. To an unusual degree, Cummings attempted to inhabit the self that he depicted in his poems. The best biographical source is Richard S. Kennedy's Dreams in the Mirror: A Biography of E. E. Cummings (New York: Liveright, 1980). Charles Norman's biography The Magic Maker (1958; reissued, 1972) is also useful at times. Cummings himself wrote three books with autobiographical elements. The Enormous Room and Eimi are both memoirs, while i: six nonlectures could be described as a poetic autobiography.

Additional works: As readers of poetry know, the joy of interpreting a poem has only begun once one has successfully decoded its recondite references and allusions. However, in addition to paying attention to the usual poetic devices of figurative language, rhyme, and meter, readers of Cummings must also be alert to three special techniques:

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