Modernist / Avant-Garde Links

DaDa LiNkS | Marcel Duchamp | Futurist Links | Apollinaire | Art Links | Modernism | Stravinsky / Ballets Russes | W. B. Yeats | James Joyce | Poetry Links |

Ezra Pound | H. D. [Hilda Doolittle] | T. S. Eliot | Imagism | Amy Lowell | Wallace Stevens | William Carlos Williams | The Armory ShowE. E. Cummings | SPRING | World War I | World War I Poets | HemingwaySun Also Rises | Virginia Woolf | Gertrude Stein | F. Scott Fitzgerald | Mina Loy | Djuna Barnes | Surrealism |

Paris Noir | Langston Hughes | Josephine Baker | Little Magazines | Photography | Sources for Texts | Composition & Citation Advice |

DaDa LiNkS

DADA Companion  (Dada history, artists, techniques, reaction, resources)

DaDa online

Dada in Zurich

Description of the Cabaret Voltaire

Hugo Ball's account of the founding of the Cabaret Voltaire

Manifesto (Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, 1920)

Picabia Statement

Manifesto of Mr. Antipyrine (Tristan Tzara)

"Apropos of Readymades" (Marcel Duchamp)

Proclamation without Pretention (Tristan Tzara)

List of Dadaists

The International Dada Archive at the University of Iowa:

Digital Dada Library (Images of Dada-era books and periodicals in both .jpg and .pdf formats):

From Dada to Wave

John Heartfield's Life:

John Heartfield's Art:

Heartfield vs. Hitler gallery:

Hannah Hoch (From Cut and Paste: A History of Photomontage)

Kurt Schwitters Biography / Timeline (Kurt and Ernst Schwitters Archive)

Kurt Schwitters at the Sprengel Museum, Hannover (in German):

Kurt Schwitters (From Cut and Paste: A History of Photomontage)

The Kurt Schwitters Exhibition In Mexico City - Summer 2003:

Kurt Schwitters' Sound Poetry (including the Ursonate): (Ubu Web Sound)


Making Sense of Marcel Duchamp: (Andrew Stafford: requires flash player)

Tout-Fait: The Marcel Duchamp Studies Online Journal:

Art Science Research Laboratory (Runs Tout-Fait, among other projects. Scroll down for the “Rude Descending a Staircase” animation)

Marcel Duchamp World Community

Duchamp Links at


Italian Futurism ( | Manifestos   a

Futurism: Manifestos and Other Resources:

Italian Futurism:

The Italian Futurist Book:

Luigi Russolo, The Art of Noise (


Apollinaire Calligrammes at

Apollinaire: Calligrammes: (Lettre-Océan & Colombe):

Apollinaire reciting "Le Pont Mirabeau (Penn Sound)

Text of "Mirabeau Bridge" (Donald Revell, Poetry Foundation)

Apollinaire at

A translation of Apollinaire's Zone: (Donald Revell at 

Another translation of Apollinaire's Zone:

"Les Fenêtres" ["Windows"] in French and English: 

"Magic Iconism" ("Coeur Couronne et Miroir"--M. Webster)


Cubism (Art History Archive)

The Online Picasso Project (Picasso paintings, biography, year by year)

Picasso paintings (CFGA)

Picasso paintings (Olga's Gallery)

A Short Picasso biography (Art History Archive)

The (many ads, but many paintings as well . . . )

Robert Delaunay (Guggenheim Museum)

A Delaunay "Windows" painting.

The Dream of Henri Rousseau

Paris through the Window (Marc Chagall)

Homage to Apollinaire (Marc Chagall)


MJP Modernist Journals Project [with links to modernsit journals, some books and essays about modernism, etc.]

A Brief Guide to Modernism (

Modernism Lab (Yale University)

Beinecke Library exhibit on American Women in the Arts 

Modernism and the Modern Novel:

Christopher Witcombe's Modernism site (mostly about visual art):

Index of Modernist Magazines (Suzanne Churchhill, Davidson College) 

Paris Review Interviews (Alphabetical by subject: among those interviewed are Ezra Pound, T. S. Eliot, and Ernest Hemingway)

British Modernism’s Many Manners . . . and its American Admirers (Humanities, March/April 2009; Volume 30, Number 2)

Modernist Cultures: [Formerly free journal, now moved to University of Edinburgh Press: ]

Stravinsky / Ballets Russes Links

Costume and set designs for Petrushka (Northwestern University)

The Rite of Spring (Video re-creation by the Joffrey Ballet—YouTube)

The Rite of Spring (The Armory Show at 100)

Keeping Score: Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring (Video presentation of the origins of the ballet from the San Francisco Symphony)

Riot at the Rite (BBC film attempting to recreate the first performance of Rite of Spring—YouTube)

Costume and set designs for The Rite of Spring (Northwestern University) 

Europa Danse Parade / Pulcinella (Picasso et la Danse) [Video snippets from a re-creation of the ballet Parade (1917)]

W. B. Yeats (1865-1939)

Life and Works of Yeats (National Library of Ireland)

Yeats Meets the Digital Age (New York Times)

Easter 1916 Postcards (Island Ireland)

Marjorie Perloff, “ ‘Easter 1916’: Yeats’s First War Poem“ (PDF file)


The Brazen Head's Joyce Links

James Joyce Resource Center (The International James Joyce Foundation)

Michael  Webster's Portrait page 

Brandon Kershner's Portrait Page (University of Florida)

Hugh Kenner, “The Portrait in Perspective” [from Dublin’s Joyce (1955)]

James Joyce, Chamber Music (Joyce's early poems)

Robert Scholes, "In the Brothel of Modernism: Picasso and Joyce"

The Zurich James Joyce Foundation (Fritz Senn)

Text of A Portait of the Artist as a Young Man

Finnegan's Web: A complete online version of Finnegans Wake.
(Also features an online version of Ulysses. Just so you can see what can happen.)

Ulysses Seen [Graphic novel version of Ulysses (in progress)] 

The James Joyce Scholars' Collection (Web versions of out-of-print scholarly books on Joyce, mostly on Finnegans Wake)


Anthology of Modern American Poetry (Oxford UP) (MAPS: Cary Nelson) More than a companion site to an anthology, MAPS features sites for 161 American poets, with biographies, critical commentary, photos, and links for each poet.

Modern and Contemporary Poetry (Al Filreis, English 88, U Penn)

Al Filreis: Chapter 2--Modernism and Imagism   
Al Filreis: Chapter 3--The Reaction against Modernism: the Thirties
Al Filreis: Chapter 4--The Reaction against Modernism: Harlem Renaissance  

The Academy of American Poets:

Electronic Poetry Center (SUNY Buffalo--concentrates on contemporary and experimental poets) 

The UbuWeb: visual / concrete / sound poetry:

Voices and Visions Spotlight (Links to sites on 13 modern American poets)

A Handbook of Terms for Discussing Poetry (Harry Rusche) 

Ezra Pound (1885-1972)
H. D. [Hilda Doolittle] (1886-1961)

H.D. at MAPS 
H.D. at
Selected Poetry of H. D. (RPO)
H. D. (Hilda Doolittle) (American Women in the Arts)
H.D. at

T. S. Eliot (1888-1965)

T. S. Eliot at the MAPS site 

Marjorie Perloff on the "Avant-Garde Eliot" (PDF file)

The Prufrock Papers” [Hypertext Prufrock with the text of Prufrock and Other Observations (1917), reviews, and TSE's criticism

Selected Poetry of Thomas Stearns Eliot (Representative Poetry Online, Ian Lancashire, U of Toronto)  


"Rhapsody on a Windy Night":

"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock":

The Waste Land:

TSE reads The Waste Land (Harper Audio, via IMS)

T. S. Eliot (

What the Thunder Said: a T. S. Eliot site

Prof. Stephen Railton's T. S. Eliot page 

Exploring The Waste Land (R A. Parker)

Exploring T. S. Eliot (R. A. Parker)

Includes: T.S. Eliot's London Letters to The Dial and "Reflections on Vers Libre"

The T. S. Eliot Society (USA)

An Interactive Waste Land Site (too many pop up ads but an interesting hypertext approach):
Imagism: (1912-1917)
Amy Lowell (1874-1925)

Amy Lowell at the MAPS site

Amy Lowell's Poems in Some Imagist Poets: An Anthology (1915)

Amy Lowell on the cover of TIME magazine (1925)

Wallace Stevens: (1879-1955 )

Wallace Stevens at the MAPS site

Wallace Stevens' "Anecdote of a Jar" (Al Filreis)

Criticism of Stevens' "Anecdote of a Jar" at the MAPS site

Black on Black 13: Stevens’ “Thirteen Ways,” illustrated and recited

Selected Poetry of Wallace Stevens (RPO)

William Carlos Williams: (1883-1963)
The Figure 5 in Gold by Charles Demuth (Metropolitan Museum of Art)

W.C. W. at the MAPS site

W.C. W. at the Academy of American poets (

W.C. W. reads "To Elsie" (

Selected Poetry of William Carlos Williams (RPO)

Al Filreis' W. C. W. links:
The Armory Show

The Armory Show at 100: Modern Art and Revolution (New-York Historical Society)

The Armory Show at 100: Artworks and Blog

The Armory Show in Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago): The Show and Program Notes 

The 1913 Armory Show (UVA)

Duchamp’s Nude Descending a Staircase (1912)

E. E. Cummings:(1894-1962)

Spring, the Journal of the E. E Cummings Society

The Enormous Room (Links, notes, and study questions)

EEC at the MAPS site

E. E. Cummings (


First World War.Com Features:

Prose and Poetry

Literary Ambulance Drivers in WW I

Vintage Audio Page
"Over There" (George M. Cohan)

Photos of the Great War

About World War I (from the MAPS site):

World War I Document Archive

Features the World War I Image Archive
and "Memoirs and Remembrances"
Henri Barbusse: Under Fire (complete book online)

Truth and Memory: British Art of the First World War (Imperial War Museum, London)

12 Paintings of Life along the Western Front | 6 WWI Artworks by Women11 German Propaganda Posters |

Art of the First World War

WWI Propaganda Posters (American  posters)

British WWI posters: (Georgetown University Library)

Posters at First World

Louis Raemaekers' Anti-Hun Propaganda:  Raemaekers' Cartoons and a brief biography (


The First World War Poetry Digital Archive (Oxford University)

Video introduction to the WWI Digital Poetry Archive (Oxford University)

Wilfred Owen Collection (biography, manuscripts, poem texts; WWI Digital Poetry Archive)

The Hydra, Journal of the Craigolockart War Hospital (WWI Digital Poetry Archive)

Siegfried Sassoon Journals (Cambridge University)

Anthem for Doomed Youth: Writers and Literature of The Great War, 1914-1918 (BYU Library)

Lost Poets of the Great War (Harry Rusche, Emory University)

Heritage of the Great War:

Anthem for Doomed Youth (12 British WW I Poets, an exhibit at the Imperial War Museum, London)


The Hemingway Society's "Virtual Hemingway," a links page

Hemingway's Paris: An Online Seminar [Includes a Timeline of Ernest Hemingway in Paris

Hemingway Foundation of Oak Park, IL (Hem's childhood home)

Michael Palin's Hemingway Adventure (companion to PBS show): 

The Hemingway Resource Center

Picturing Hemingway (National Portrait Gallery)

Hemingway and Kansas City, including links to his articles at the Kansas City Star

Chapter 1 of Hemingway's Death in the Afternoon (1932)

In Our Time and the Sun Also Rises

A short introduction and lesson to In Our Time (Kansas State University)

Webster's Sun Also Rises Notes and Study Questions:

A review of "Whiteness and the Rejected Other in The Sun Also Rises" (Sandy Alexandre)

A review of "Brett Ashley as the New Woman in The Sun Also Rises" (Bianca Roters)

"'The Saloon Must Go and I Will Take It With Me': American Prohibition, Nationalism, and Expatriation inThe Sun Also Rises" (Nakia Pope):
"Inside the Whale Inside: a hypertextual journey into the belly of modernism," by Robert Scholes (Hemingway, Aldous Huxley, Anais Nin, Henry Miller, and George Orwell respond to El Greco's whale images)

Virginia Woolf, "Modern Fiction" (1925)

Criticism on To the Lighthouse A Selected Bibliography (Elisa K. Sparks)

Structural Outline of Woolf's To the Lighthouse (Elisa K. Sparks)

To the Lighthouse (Student-created course materials, University of Alabama in Huntsville)

Woolf Online (An Electronic Edition and Commentary of Virginia Woolf's the Time Passes section of To the Lighthouse)

Leslie Stephen’s Photograph Album (Smith College Library)  

Leslie Stephen (Julia Margaret Cameron Photo)

Julia Stephen with Virginia on her lap (1884)

Julia Stephen with Vanessa (early 1880s)

Julia Stephen with Vanessa, Virginia, and Thoby (c.1894) 

Julia Stephen with Virginia and Adrian (1890s—Window)


Gertrude Stein Online [See also Accounts of Meeting Gertrude Stein]

Audio: Gertrude Stein at PennSound (scroll down for "A Completed Portrait of Picasso")

Text of "A Completed Portrait of Picasso" (PennSound / Ulla Dydo)

Stein reading "A Completed Portrait of Picasso" (from the UbuWeb)

Digital Images Online (Beinecke Library, Yale University--type in "Gertrude Stein")

Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas (American Women in the Arts: a short selection from the Yale photos, with commentary)

Tender Buttons at :

Stein's first Matisse, Femme au chapeau (Autobiography 34-40) 

Picasso's 1905 Portrait of Gertrude Stein (Autobiography 12, 45-46, 53)

Mabel Dodge's essay on Stein, "Speculations, or Post-Impressionism in Prose" [Arts and Decoration, March 1913]

The World of Gertrude Stein (Biography) article on Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas

The New York Times on Stein:

F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)

Excerpt from Fitzgerald's "The Crack-Up" (PBS)

Mina Loy (1882-1966)

MAPS page on Mina Loy: 

Mina Loy, Poet, Painter, Modernist 1882-1966 (Left Bank Review) 

Marjorie Perloff, “ENGLISH AS A ‘SECOND’ LANGUAGE: Mina Loy's ‘Anglo-Mongrels and the Rose’ 

Mina Loy's Lunar Odyssey: 

Mina Loy and Djuna Barnes (American Women in the Arts)

Becoming Modern (Carolyn Burke) 

Djuna Barnes (1892-1982)

The Book of Repulsive Women (Poems, 1914)

The Ladies Almanack (1928)

Djuna Barnes, Tortured Genius 1892-1982 (Left Bank Review)

Djuna Barnes

Mina Loy and Djuna Barnes (American Women in the Arts)


History of Surrealism

Surrealism Defined

Surrealism--Connections between Art and Science

Andre Breton, "First Surrealist Manifesto" (1924)

Andre Breton, "What Is Surrealism?" (lecture, 1934)

The Surrealists Website


Richard Wright Quotations

Richard Wright Biography and Resources

Richard Wright Documentary

Chester Himes

Langston Hughes (1902-1967)

Langston Hughes at 100 (Beinecke Library, Yale University)

Langston Hughes: A Voice for All People (University of Kansas Library)

Langston Hughes at the MAPS site

Langston Hughes, "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain"

Langston Hughes ( article

Harlem Renaissance - A Brief Introduction (PAL)

Josephine Baker:

Josephine Baker, Image and Icon (National Portrait Gallery)

The Official Josephine Baker Site

Josephine Baker (Smithsonian Exhibit of Paul Colin's Le Tumulte Noir portfolio)

Josephine Baker (costume design)

Jazz Audio:


MJP Modernist Journals Project [with links to modernsit journals, some books and essays about modernism, etc.]
features PDF files for Poetry (1912-1922), BLAST (1914-1915), and The New Age (May 1907-Oct. 1916)

Magazine Modernisms: Dedicated to Modern Periodical Studies

Avant-garde and modernist magazines (Monoskop)

Index of Modernist Magazines (Suzanne Churchhill, Davidson College)

Golding, Alan. “The Dial, The Little Review and Modernist Canonicity” [2001]: also at

The Dial:
"The Dial's White-Haired Boy" Spring New Series 1 (1992): 8-27. 
The Dial / Scofield Thayer Papers (Beinecke Library, Yale University)
The Dial building at 152 W 13th St.:
An E. E. Cummings drawing of Thayer (from CIOPW)  

Eugene Atget's Photos of Paris:


Sources for Electronic texts:
Composition & Citation Advice:
| Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation Online | Diana Hacker on MLA in-text citations | Diana Hacker on MLA list of works cited | Paisley Currah's Writing Guide | The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing | Useful Websites (GVSU Writing Center) | Citing Sources (GVSU Library) | Knight Cite (Calvin College Library) 

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Literary Modernism Syllabus
Webster's Courses page